Open Arms Therapy (OAT) - Dalhart (TX) equine therapy for the disabled

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Why Not Wear a Bicycle Helmet for Horseback Riding?

ProtectaCap(R) by Plument.com

Search ASTM Standards by ASTM Number: ASTM F1292 (Bicycle Helmet rating) and ASTM F1163-04a (Equestrian Helmet rating)

Equestrian Helmets (2004a) ASTM - F1163-04a

NARHA Helmet Safety Standards

BOOKS ABOUT THERAPEUTIC RIDING
 

Aspects and Answers by Joswick, F., Kittridge, M; McCowan, L., McParland, C., Woods, S. (1986)
The Cheff Center for the Handicapped
Box 171, RR1
Agusta, MI 49012, USA

NARHA Guide
NARHA P.O. Box 33150 Denver, CO 80233, USA
This book is free with membership, but may also be purchased. It gives a good overview of therapeutic riding, and important information on operating a therapeutic riding center.

Rehabilitation With the Aid of a Horse: A Collection of Studies collected by Barbara T. Engel, M.Ed., OTR (1997)
Barbara Engel Therapy Services
10 Town Plaza, Suite 238
Durango, CO 81301, USA

Riding for the Disabled by Britton, Vanessa (1991)
Trafalger Square Inc.
North Pomfret, VT 05053, USA

Riding the Winds of Progress: Proceedings of the Ninth International Therapeutic Riding Congress (1997) NARHA
P.O Box 33150
Denver, CO 80233, USA

Therapeutic Riding by Heipertz, W., Heipertz, C., Kroger, A., and Kuprian, W. (1981)
Canadian Equestrian Federation
333 River Road,
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada K1L 8B9

Therapeutic Riding Programs:Instruction and Rehabilitation collected by Barbara T. Engel, M.Ed., OTR (1994)
Barbara Engel Therapy Services
10 Town Plaza, Suite 238
Durango, CO 81301, USA

Therapeutic RidingII Strategies for Rehabilitation collected by Barbara T. Engel, M.Ed., OTR (1997)
Barbara Engel Therapy Services
10 Town Plaza, Suite 238
Durango, CO 81301, USA


RESEARCH AND THESIS PAPERS


AUTHOR:
Caudell, Tammy D.
TITLE: The effects of hippotherapy on the posture, gross motor function, and gross motor performance of children diagnosed with cerebral palsy /
YEAR: 1995
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: 7, vii, 78 leaves : ill., forms: 29 cm.
NOTES: Typescript (photocopy). Thesis (M.S. in Physical Therapy) -- North Georgia College, 1995.


AUTHOR:
Thyng, Laura E.
TITLE: The effects of hippotherapy on sitting posture in children with cerebral palsy: single subject case report
YEAR: 1995
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: v, 64 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
NOTES: Thesis (M.S.)--Pacific University, 1995. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 50-53).
 

AUTHOR: Carpenter, Jill A.
TITLE: Hippotherapy in the treatment of gait abnormalities in adults following traumatic head injury : two case reports /
YEAR: 1994
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: vi, 42 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
NOTES: Thesis (M.S.)--Pacific University, 1994. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 34-37).


AUTHOR:
Coughlin, Mary Lynn.
TITLE: Changes in hip ROM in disabled horseback riders /
YEAR: 1993
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: 16, [7] leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
NOTES: Available to researchers under library restrictions. Thesis (M.S.)--University of Indianapolis, 1993. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 15-16).
 

AUTHOR: Fleck, Carol A.
TITLE: Hippotherapy : mechanics of human walking and horseback riding /
YEAR: 1992
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: ix, 71 leaves ; 28 cm.
NOTES: Photocopy. Principal faculty adviser: David Barlow, College of Physical Education, Athletics and Recreation. Thesis (M.S.)--University of Delaware, 1992. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 63-71).
 

AUTHOR: Macauley, Beth Lynn Martin, 1965-
TITLE: The effects of hippotherapy on the respiration of two females with cerebral palsy /
YEAR: 1989
PUB TYPE: Book
FORMAT: ix, 86 leaves ; 28 cm.
NOTES: Typescript. Vita. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Florida, 1989. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 74-84).

PROFESSIONAL ARTICLES

TITLE: Therapeutic horseback riding.
AUTHOR(S): Potter-JT; Evans-JW; Nolt-BH Jr
ADDRESS OF AUTHOR: Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269.
SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION): J-Am-Vet-Med-Assoc. 1994 Jan 1; 204(1):131-3
ISSN: 0003-1488
PUBLICATION YEAR: 1994
LANGUAGE OF ARTICLE: ENGLISH
COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION: UNITED-STATES
PUBLICATION TYPE: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW,-TUTORIAL
MEDLINE ACCESSION NUMBER: 94171588

TITLE: [Basic principles and effects of hippotherapy within the comprehensive treatment of paraplegic patients]
ORIGINAL TITLE: Grundlagen und Wirkungen der Hippotherapie im Konzept der umfassenden Behandlung querschnittgelahmter Patienten.
AUTHOR(S): Exner-G; Engelmann-A; Lange-K; Wenck-B
ADDRESS OF AUTHOR: Querschnittgelahmten-Zentrum, Unfallkrankenhauses,Hamburg.
SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION): Rehabilitation-Stuttg. 1994 Feb; 33(1):39-43
ISSN: 0034-3536
PUBLICATION YEAR: 1994
LANGUAGE OF ARTICLE: GERMAN; NON-ENGLISH
COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION: GERMANY
ABSTRACT: A total of 67 patients, both paraplegic and quadriplegic, had participated in a hippotherapy programme over a study period of almost 18 months, with positive effects found relative to spasticity, certain pain syndromes, as well as contraction syndromes associated with impaired joint mobility. Frequently the only effective measure at all, and moreover of astonishingly lasting effect, the spasticity-reducing treatment turned out especially beneficial. Along with these statistically supported findings, a number of associated effects were noted in the physiotherapy and, especially, the nursing sectors, with easier catheterization, more rhythmical bowel function, more balanced mood with improved sleep, and a generally increased openness and motivation. Hippotherapy has proven a valid method within a synergistic approach for comprehensive care in paraplegia.
PUBLICATION TYPE: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
MEDLINE ACCESSION NUMBER: 94218526


TITLE:
Keeping body and soul together.
AUTHOR(S): Spooner-A
SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION): Nurs-Times. 1992 Nov 25-Dec 1; 88(48):38-40
ISSN: 0029-6589
PUBLICATION YEAR: 1992
LANGUAGE OF ARTICLE: ENGLISH
COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION: ENGLAND
PUBLICATION TYPE: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
MEDLINE ACCESSION NUMBER: 93087272


TITLE:
[The horse as an aid in therapy]
ORIGINAL TITLE: Das Pferd als Helfer in der Therapie.
AUTHOR(S): Barolin-GS; Samborski-R
ADDRESS OF AUTHOR: Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fur Neuro-Rehabilitation und -Prophylaxe, Landes-Nervenkrankenhauses Valduna, Rankweil.
SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION): Wien-Med-Wochenschr. 1991; 141(20):476-81
ISSN: 0043-5341
PUBLICATION YEAR: 1991
LANGUAGE OF ARTICLE: GERMAN; NON-ENGLISH
COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION: AUSTRIA
ABSTRACT: Physiotherapy on the back of the moved horse has two important dimensions: 1) The somatotropic effect regards mainly spasticity, ataxia, the vertebral column, the basis of the pelvis and the skin. 2) A general psychotherapeutic and psychohygienic effect is created by joy, change and new impetus in rehabilitation and by the emotional contact with the "comrade animal". Our unit was the first to introduce hippotherapy with adults in Austria. There is specially good experience with the spastic atactic component in multiple sclerosis. However other diagnosis as well showed good profit, such as stroke, etc. Some good effects in cephalaea patients indicate transition to riding as a medical pedagogic instrument with further transitions to psychosomatic patients. We want to proceed in this direction. Well organized hippotherapy is cheaper than the hydrotherapy (being current almost everywhere. Therefore opposition against the valuable hippotherapy by reasons of economics should be ruled out. Today's medicine goes farther and farther away from natural possibilities (slogan: "overtechnologized"). We see in hippotherapy an important counterweight in the sense of a valuable methodology towards holistic therapy especially in rehabilitation.
PUBLICATION TYPE: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
MEDLINE ACCESSION NUMBER: 92108750



BOOKS ABOUT RIDING AND RIDING SAFETY


Safe Horse Safe Rider
by Jessie Haas(1994)
Storey Communications, Inc.
Schoolhouse Road
Pownal, VT 05261, USA

Horsemanship Safety Instructor's Manual
CHA
P.O. Box 188
Lawrence, MI 49064, USA

Reference information gathered and compiled from numerous non-profit therapuetic riding and hippotherapy websites.

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